Nicobar pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica

Class Aves   Caloenas nicobarica
Order Columbiformes
Distribution Malay Archipelago to the Solomons and Palau
Habitat Rainforests, dry forests, mangroves and shrublands
Conservation Status Listed under Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Behaviour Nicobar pigeons are highly nomadic and roam in flocks from island to island, usually sleeping on offshore islets where no predators occur; they spend the day in areas with better food availability, not shying away from areas inhabited by humans. Nicobar pigeons are most active at dawn and dusk and prefer to feed singly or in pairs. Although these birds spend most of their time on the forest floor, they are powerful flyers; their flight is quick, with regular beats and occasional sharp flicks of the wings, as is characteristic of pigeons in general. Unlike other pigeons, groups of Nicobar pigeons tend to fly in columns or single files, not in a loose flock. Their white tail is prominent in flight when seen from behind and may serve as a sort of “taillight”, keeping flocks together when crossing the sea at dawn or dusk.