Red-crowned Crane

Grus japonensis

Class Aves   Red-crowned Crane
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Order Gruiformes
Distribution Hokkaido of Japan, northeast China, Korea and eastern Siberia
Hokkaido of Japan, northeast China, Korea and eastern Siberia
Habitat Swamps and marshland
Conservation Status Endangered. Listed under Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Behaviour The Red-crowned Crane is one of the largest and the most beautiful of all the cranes. It stands about 1.3 metres in height and has a wing-spread of more than two metres. Its plumage is white, contrasted with its black neck and black tail which is made up of primary flight feathers. The bare crown of its head is distinctly red. Both sexes look alike. The birds bornt in Siberia and northern China will migrate to Korea and central China where they spend their winter. Only the Japanese population in Hokkaido is non-migratory. They pair for life and display a spectacular courtship dance during the breeding season from March to July. Two eggs are laid each time and are incubated alternately by both parent birds for 30 days. After hatching, the growth of chicks is rapid to make them capable of accompanying their parents on the long migration south to spend the winter.
Diet Grass tubers, seeds, insects, aquatic invertebrates, worms and other small living organisms.