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Mammals
 
Pygmy Marmoset
Callithrix pygmaea
Class Mammalia

Order Primates

Distribution Central West Region of Brazil, Ecuador and eastern Peru

Habitat Dense forests near rivers

Conservation Status Listed under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Behaviour Pygmy Marmosets are the smallest primates in South America, weighing only about 100 to 120 grams. They are arboreal and live in small family groups. Being most active in the morning and in late afternoon, they spend most of the time gouging holes in the bark of trees to eat the exudates. They usually run along branches, but they can also climb and leap vertically. When threatening another individual or human observers, they will turn around and lift their tails to display their genitals. They can make a wide variety of vocalizations for purposes such as communication or warning. Twin births are usual but occasionally triplets are raised. Members of the family help carry the infants. Pygmy Marmosets reach sexual maturity at the age of two.

Diet Mainly feed on gum, sap and exudates from trees, supplemented with fruits, insects and nectar, etc.
 



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