The launching of Shenzhou
spacecraft marked a new era of the development of the Chinese
aerospace technology. On 22nd November, 2000, the Information
Office of the PRC State Council issued the white paper, China's
Civil Aviation and Aerospace in 21st Century, to layout the
targets of the future Chinese aerospace development.
Short-term Targets (around 2010)
To set up a network of remote
sensing satellites to conduct long-term dynamic monitoring
on the weather, oceans, resources, environment and disasters
of China, its perimeter and even the whole world.
To launch Chinese commercial
broadcasting and communication satellites in order to assist
the development of Chinese communication industry.
To establish a Chinese global
To develop new generation
launch rocket with larger lift-off thrust. The new rocket
will use environmental friendly propellants like liquid
oxygen, kerosene or liquid hydrogen. In addition, modular
design will be used to increase the market share in world
satellite launching industry.
To realize manned space
To establish a series of
science and technology satellites to enhance researches on
microgravity, material science, life science, space
environment and astronomy.
To start steering researches on
space exploration. The main target will be the Moon.