English-Chinese Glossary of Chinese Star Regions, Asterisms and Star Name

English-Chinese Glossary of Western Constellations

History of Astronomy Education in Hong Kong

Database of the Solar System Exploration


重 要 告 示





Introduction Glossary

三 垣 Three Enclosures
紫 微 垣 Purple Forbidden Enclosure 太 微 垣 Supreme Palace Enclosure 天 市 垣 Heavenly Market Enclosure

二 十 八 宿 Twenty-eight Mansions
四 象
Four Symbols
青 龍 ( 東 )
Azure Dragon (East)
玄 武 ( 北 )
Murky Warrior (North)
白虎(西)
White Tiger (West)
朱雀(南)
Vermilion Bird (South)
二 十 八 宿

Twenty-eight mansions

 

角 Horn 斗 Dipper 奎Legs 井 Well
亢 Neck 牛 Ox 婁Bond 鬼 Ghosts
氐 Root 女 Girl 胃Stomach 柳 Willow
房 Room 虛 Emptiness 昴 Hairy head 星 Star
心 Heart 危 Rooftop 畢 Net 張 Extended net
尾 Tail 室 Encampment 觜 Turtle beak 翼 Wings
箕 Winnowing-basket 壁 Wall 參 Three stars 軫 Chariot

南 極 星 區  Southern Sky

 
三 垣 Three Enclosures

紫 微 垣  Purple Forbidden Enclosure 
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
北極   Northern pole  
  太子   Crown prince
    Emperor
  庶子   Son of Concubine
  後宮   Imperial Concubine
  天樞   Celestial pivot
四輔   Four Advisors  
勾陳   Curved Array  
天皇大帝   Great Emperor of Heaven  
天柱   Celestial Pillar  
御女   Maids-in-waiting  
女史   Female protocol  
柱史   Official of royal archives  
尚書   Royal secretary  
天床   Celestial bed  
大理   Chief judge  
陰德   Hidden virtue  
六甲   Six Jia  
五帝內座   Interior seats of five emperors  
華蓋   Canopy of the emperor  
    CanopySupport
紫微左垣   Left wall  
  左樞   Left pivot
  上宰   First premier
  少宰   Second premier
  上弼   First minister
  少弼   Second minister
  上衛   First imperial guard
  少衛   Second Imperial guard
  少丞   Second prime minister
紫微右垣   Right Wall  
  右樞   Right pivot
  少尉   Second chief judge
  上輔   First minister
  少輔   Second minister
  上衛   First imperial guard
  少衛   Second imperial guard
  上丞   First prime minister
天乙(天一)   Celestial Great One  
太乙(太一)   Frist Great one  
內廚   Inner kitchen  
北斗   Northern dipper  
  天樞   Celestial pivot
  天璇   Celestial rotating jade
  天機   Celestial shining pearl
  天權   Celestial balance
  玉衡   Jade sighting-tube
  開陽   Opener of heat
  搖光   Twinkling brilliance
    Assistant
天槍   Celestial spear  
玄戈   Sombre lance  
三公   Three excellencies  
  Prime minister  
天理   Judge for nobility  
太陽守   Guard of the Sun  
太尊   Royals  
天牢   Celestial prison  
  Eunuch  
文昌   Administrative centre  
內階   Inner steps  
三師   Three top instructors  
八榖   Eight kinds of crops  
傳舍   Guest house  
天廚   Celestial kitchen  
天棓   Celestial flail  

太 微 垣  Supreme Palace Enclosure
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
五帝座   Seats of the five emperors  
太子   Crown prince  
從官   Retinue  
幸臣   Officer of honour  
五諸侯   Five feudal kings  
九卿   Nine senior officers  
三公   Three excellencies  
內屏   Inner screen  
太微左垣   Left wall  
  左執法   Left law administrator
  東上相   First eastern minister
  東次相   Second eastern minister
  東次將   Second eastern general
  東上將   First eastern general
太微右垣   Right wall  
  右執法   Right law administrator
  西上將   First western general
  西次將   Second western general
  西次相   Second western minister
  西上相   First western minister
郎將   Captain of the bodyguards  
郎位   Official of imperial guard  
常陳   Imperial guards  
三台   Three steps  
  上台   Upper step
  中台   Middle step
  下台   Lower step
虎賁   Emperor's bodyguard  
少微   Junior officers  
長垣   Long wall  
靈台   Astronomical observatory  
明堂   Cosmological temple  
謁者   Usher of the court  

天 市 垣  Heavenly Market Enclosure
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
帝座   Emperor's seat  
  Astrologer  
宦者   Eunuch official  
  Dipper for liquids  
  Dipper for solids  
列肆   Jewel market  
車肆 Commodity market
市樓   Municipal office  
宗正   Official for royal clan  
宗人   Official of Religious Ceremonies  
  Patriarchal clan  
帛度   Textile ruler  
屠肆   Butcher's shops  
天市左垣   Left wall  
    WEI
    ZHAO
  九河   JIUHE
  中山   ZHONGSHAN
    QI
  吳越   WUYUE
    XU
  東海   DONGHAI
    YAN
  南海   NANHAI
    SONG
天市右垣   Right wall  
  河中   HEZHONG
  河間   HEJIAN
    JIN
    ZHENG
    ZHOU
    QIN
    SHU
    BA
    LIANG
    CHU
    HAN
天紀   Celestial Discipline  
女床   Woman's bed  
貫索   Coiled thong  
七公   Seven excellencies  

 
二 十 八 宿  Twenty-eight Mansions

角 宿  Horn Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Horn  
平道   Flat road  
天田   Celestial farmland  
周鼎   Tripod of the ZHOU  
進賢   Recommending virtuous man  
天門   Celestial gate  
  Judging  
庫樓   Arsenal  
  Pillars  
  Railings  
南門   Southern gate  

亢 宿  Neck Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Neck  
大角   Great horn  
左攝提   Right conductor  
右攝提   Left conductor  
折威   Executions  
頓頑   Trials  
陽門   Gate of YANG  

氐 宿  Root Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Root  
亢池   Boats and lake  
帝席   Mattress of the emperor  
梗河   Celestial lance  
招搖   Twinkling indicator  
天乳   Celestial milk  
天輻   Celestial spokes  
陣車   Battle chariots  
車騎   Chariots and cavalry  
騎陣將軍   Chariot and Cavalry general  
騎官   Imperial guards  

房 宿  Room Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Room  
  鉤鈐   Lock
鍵閉   Door bolt  
  Punishment  
東咸   Eastern door  
西咸   Western door  
  Sun  
從官   Retinue  

心 宿  Heart Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Heart  
積卒   Group of soldiers  

尾 宿  Tail Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Tail  
  神宮   Changing room
天江   Celestial river  
傳說   FUYUE  
  Fish  
  Tortoise  

箕 宿  Winnowing-basket Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Winnowing basket  
  Chaff  
  Pestle  

斗 宿  Dipper Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Dipper  
天龠   Celestial keyhole  
天弁   Market officer  
  Establishment  
天雞   Celestial cock  
  Dog  
狗國   Territory of dogs  
天淵   Celestial spring  
農丈人   Peasant  
  River turtle  

牛 宿  Ox Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Ox  
天桴   Celestial drumstick  
河鼓   Drum at the river  
左旗   Left flag  
右旗   Right flag  
織女   Weaving girl  
漸臺   Clepsydra terrace  
輦道   Imperial passageway  
羅堰   Networks of dykes  
天田   Celestial farmland  
九坎   Nine water wells  

女 宿  Girl Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Girl  
離珠   Pearls on ladies' wear  
敗瓜   Rotten gourd  
瓠瓜   Good gourd  
天津   Celestial ford  
奚仲   XIZHONG  
扶筐   Basket for mulberry leaves  
十二國   Twelve countries  
    ZHOU
    QIN
    DAI
    ZHAO
    YUE
    QI
    CHU
    ZHENG
    WEI
    HAN
    JIN
    YAN

虛 宿  Emptiness Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Emptiness  
司命   Deified judge of life  
司祿   Deified judge of rank  
司危   Deified judge of disaster and good fortune  
司非   Deified judge of right and wrong  
  Crying  
  Weeping  
璃瑜   Jade ornament on ladies' wear  
天壘城   Celestial ramparts  
敗臼   Decayed Mortar  

危 宿  Rooftop Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Rooftop  
  墳墓   Tomb
蓋屋   Roofing  
虛梁   Temple  
天錢   Celestial money  
  Humans  
  Pestle  
  Mortar  
車府   Big yard for chariots  
造父   ZAOFU  
天鉤   Celestial hook  

室 宿  Encampment Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Encampment  
  離宮 Resting palace  
螣蛇   Flying serpent  
雷電   Thunder and lightning  
土公吏   Official for materials supply  
壘壁陣   The line of ramparts  
羽林軍   Palace guard  
天綱   Materials for Making Tents  
北落師門   North gate of the military camp  
鈇鉞   Axe  
八魁   Net for catching birds  

壁 宿  Wall Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Wall  
天廄   Celestial stable  
土公   Official for earthworks and buildings  
霹靂   Thunderbolt  
雲雨   Cloud and rain  
鈇鑕   Sickle  

奎 宿  Legs Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Legs  
王良   WANGLIANG  
  Whip  
附路   Auxiliary road  
軍南門   Southern military gate  
閣道   Flying corridor  
外屏   Outer fence  
天溷   Celestial pigsty  
土司空   Master of constructions  

 婁 宿  Bond Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Bond  
天大將軍   Great general of the heaven  
左更   Official in charge of forest  
右更   Official in charge of pasturing  
天倉   Square celestial granary  
天庾   Ricks of grain  

胃 宿  Stomach Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Stomach  
大陵   Mausoleum  
積尸   Heaps of corpses  
天船   Celestial boat  
積水   Stored water  
天廩   Celestial foodstuffs  
天囷   Circular celestial granary  

昴 宿  Hairy Head Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Hairy head  
天阿   Celestial river  
  Moon  
卷舌   Rolled tongue  
天讒   Celestial slander  
礪石   Whetstone  
天陰   Celestial YIN force  
芻蒿   Hay  
天苑   Celestial meadows  

畢 宿 Net Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Net  
  附耳   Whisper
天街   Celestial street  
天高   Celestial high terrace  
諸王   Feudal kings  
五車   Five chariots  
  Pillars  
威池   Pool of harmony  
天潢   Celestial pier  
天關   Celestial gate  
天節   Celestial tally  
九州殊口   Interpreters of nine dialects  
參旗   Banner of three stars  
九斿   Imperial military flag  
天園   Celestial orchard  

觜 宿  Turtle Beak Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Turtle beak  
司怪   Deity in charge of monsters  
座旗 Seat flags  

參 宿  Three Stars Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Three stars  
Punishment
玉井   Jade well  
軍井 Military well  
  Screen  
Toilet  
  Excrement  

井 宿  Well Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Well  
Battle axe
水府   Official for irrigation  
天樽 Celestial wine cup  
五諸侯   Five feudal kings  
北河 North river  
積水   Accumulated water  
積薪 Pile of firewood  
水位   Water level  
南河 South river  
四瀆   Four channels  
闕丘 Palace gate  
軍市   Market for the soldiers  
野雞 Wild cockerel  
天狼   Celestial wolf  
丈人 Grandfather  
  Son  
Grandson  
老人   Old man  
弧矢 Bow and arrow  

鬼宿 Ghosts Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Ghosts  
積尸   Cumulative corpses  
Beacon fire  
外廚   Outer kitchen  
天記 Judge to estimate the age of animals  
天狗   Celestial dog  
天社 Celestial earth god' s temple  

柳 宿 Willow Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Willow  
酒旗   Banner of wine shop  

星 宿  Star Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Star  
天相   Celestial premier  
天稷 Celestial cereals
軒轅 XUANYUAN  
御女 Maids-in-waiting
內平   High judge  

張 宿  Extended Net Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Extended net
天廟 Celestial Temple  

翼宿 Wings Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
Wings
東甌   DONGOU  

軫宿 Chariot Mansion
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
  Chariot  
  左轄   Left linchpin
  右轄   Right linchpin
  長沙   CHANGSHA
青丘   Green hill  
軍門 Military Gate
土司空   Master of Construction  
器府   House for Musical Instruments  

 
Southern Sky 
星官 星名 Asterism Star name
海山   Sea and mountain  
十字架   Cross  
馬尾   Horse's tail  
馬腹   Horse's abdomen  
蜜蜂   Bee  
三角形   Triangle  
異雀   Exotic bird  
孔雀   Peacock  
波斯   Persia  
蛇尾   Snake's tail  
蛇腹   Snake's abdomen  
蛇首   Snake's head  
鳥喙   Bird's beak  
  Crane  
火鳥   Firebird  
水委   Crooked running water  
附白   White patches nearby  
夾白   White Patch Attached  
金魚   Goldfish  
海石   Sea rock  
飛魚   Flying fish  
南船   Southern boat  
小斗   Little dipper