There are hundreds of big cities on Earth where people of all races are busy with their daily lives. But have you ever thought that there are numerous cities beneath the sea as well?
On land, various types of skyscrapers serve as our safe and comfortable accommodation; in the sea, cities made up of coral reefs are the habitats of many ocean creatures. Different kinds of animals live together in the shallows, forming mutual relationship that benefits each of them: Sea anemone protects clown fish from predators and clown fish eats anemone¡¦s waste; small fish groom large fish which come to the coral reefs by nibbling away parasites or dead skin. Coral reefs even filter the surrounding water, helping to keep a balance of nutrients, minerals and chemicals, protecting local fish populations. However, the pollution generated by our cities is posing a fatal threat to the reefs. As a result, they are vanishing five times faster than rainforests. If no remedial action is taken, the last reef will soon be
The Omnimax Show ¡§The Last Reef - Cities Beneath the Sea¡¨ let the audience take a break from the hustle and bustle of the modern city by leading them to the serene and tranquil underwater world. We can admire various forms and shapes of corals and all sorts of creatures threading through the reefs, which resemble a water city. Nevertheless, while we marvel at the picturesque scenery, we should shoulder the responsibility of conserving ocean resources so that our next generation will still have a chance to admire ¡Vthese beautiful cities beneath the sea.
Show ¡§The Last Reef - Cities Beneath the Sea¡¨ Trailer
Between 1946 and 1958, U.S.A. carried out nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll, Marsall Islands in the Pacific Ocean, completely demolishing the coral reefs there. It took half a century for the coral reefs to recuperate before beautiful scenes re-emerge.
Humans consume a great deal of fossil fuel for energy. The price is the pumping of 1,100 tonnes of carbon dioxide per second into to the atmosphere, of which one-third will be dissolved in the sea, adversely affecting marine ecosystems.
Corals can grow healthily only under certain conditions, such as suitable sea temperature and water salinity, sufficient sunlight, solid seabed as well as relatively
slow-moving water currents.
The mutually beneficial relationship between
clown fish and anemone is one of the reef's many examples of symbiosis.
Manta Ray is a fish commonly seen in the coral reef. It filters plankton as nutrients through the water current.
There are many lakes formed by coral reefs in Palau of the Pacific Ocean. One of them, the Jellyfish Lake, is completely cut off from the ocean. As the jellyfish in the lake are separated from their predators, they no longer need their stings.
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