Leisure and Cultural Services Department - Antiquities and Monuments Office | Brand Hong Kong - Asia's world city
GovHK | Graphical Mode | Traditional Chinese | Simplified Chinese | Search | Site Map | Contact Us [ Size 1 | Size 2 | Size 3 ]
Main | About Us | What's New | Archaeology | Built Heritage | Declared Monuments | Heritage Impact Assessment | Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre | Ping Shan Tang Clan Gallery cum Heritage Trail Visitors Centre | Heritage Trails | Docent Services| Wun Yiu Exhibition | Online Exhibition | Friends of Heritage | Young Friends of Heritage | FAQ | Links | Research Resources and Reports | Download Area
Declared Monuments > Declared Monuments | Hong Kong Island | Kowloon | New Territories | Outlying Islands
Hong Kong Island
Victoria Prison Compound (Old Bailey Street, Central)
The old Victoria Prison (originally named ‘Victoria Gaol’) includes some of the earliest colonial buildings to have survived in Hong Kong since the mid-19th century.
A prime concern of the British after their possession of Hong Kong Island in 1841 was the establishment of law and order. They first built a stone gaol on an elevated site behind Hollywood Road, but this soon became overcrowded. A total reconstruction was launched in 1858 and completed in 1862. The east wing (now known as D Hall) of the main block and a watchtower (now known as Bauhinia House) survive from this period.
The gaol compound continued to be renovated and expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and after the Second World War it served as a remand prison and later as a part of the Immigration Department. The prison began to receive illegal immigrants and Vietnamese refugees in the early 1980s. It was decommissioned in 2006.
The old Victoria Prison Compound, the old Central Police Station Compound and the former Central Magistracy form a unique cluster of buildings, which allow the historical development of the institutions of law and order in Hong Kong since the mid-19th century to be traced.
Introduction to the Central Police Station Compound
Victoria Prison Compound
Old Bailey Street, Central (Plan)
End of page